lsmeans: Least-Squares Means

Obtain least-squares means for many linear, generalized linear, and mixed models. Compute contrasts or linear functions of least-squares means, and comparisons of slopes. Plots and compact letter displays.

Version: 2.24
Depends: estimability, methods, R (≥ 3.2)
Imports: graphics, stats, utils, nlme, coda (≥ 0.17), multcomp, plyr, mvtnorm, xtable (≥ 1.8-2)
Suggests: car, lattice, MCMCpack, mediation, multcompView, ordinal, pbkrtest (≥ 0.4-1), CARBayes, coxme, gee, geepack, glmmADMB, lme4.0, lme4, lmerTest (≥ 2.0.32), MASS, MCMCglmm, nnet, pscl, rsm, survival
Published: 2016-10-21
Author: Russell Lenth [aut, cre]
Maintainer: Russell Lenth <russell-lenth at>
License: GPL-2
NeedsCompilation: no
Citation: lsmeans citation info
Materials: NEWS
In views: SocialSciences, Survival
CRAN checks: lsmeans results


Reference manual: lsmeans.pdf
Vignettes: Extending lsmeans
Using lsmeans
Package source: lsmeans_2.24.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
OS X Mavericks binaries: r-release: lsmeans_2.24.tgz, r-oldrel: lsmeans_2.24.tgz
Old sources: lsmeans archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse depends: afex, ibd
Reverse imports: rsm, StroupGLMM
Reverse suggests: ARTool, RVAideMemoire, sjPlot, xtable


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