To cite the leiden package in publications use:

Kelly ST (2020). leiden: R implementation of the Leiden algorithm. R package version 0.3.5,

Please also acknowledge the original publication: Traag, V.A., Waltman. L., Van Eck, N.-J. (2018). From Louvain to Leiden: guaranteeing well-connected communities. `arXiv:1810.08473 <>`

Corresponding BibTeX entry:

    title = {leiden: R implementation of the Leiden algorithm},
    author = {S. Thomas Kelly},
    year = {2020},
    note = {R package version 0.3.5},
    url = {},